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In the 17th century it was submerged in ostracism. There is practically no existing documentation.

The most significant work in the town was carried out during the 18th century (Plaza Mayor, the Town Hall with its own Coat of Arms, a gift of King Felipe II, the Hermitage of Virgen de la Plaza, etc). Economic development went hand-in-hand with artistic development. Wine production increased significantly and the manor houses were built.

The 19th century saw forward-looking economic consolidation.

Elciego was the largest producer of wine in the area and its main concern, as in all the region, was to install industrial wine production. La Real Bascongada de Amigos del País provided the best technologies which led to the birth of Rioja wine. Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga, the Marquis of Riscal, was a pioneer in making the company's project profitable, and set the groundwork for true industrialisation of wine production in pure Bordeaux style.

From a social point of view, the town was divided into two large classes: the nobles (free from taxes and charges, with the right to own land) and the commoners. Many people came to Elciego and accredited their position as noblemen by way of their "carta executoria" (official recognition of nobility document), in order to enjoy the benefits and prosperity of the town.
In 1864, Elciego had a population of 345 according to the Foral Nomenclator.

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